UNDERSTANDING FIBROIDS: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

UNDERSTANDING FIBROIDS: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

Fibroids, medically known as uterine leiomyomas, are noncancerous growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. These common growths affect many women, particularly during their reproductive years. In this blog post, we'll explore the causes, symptoms, prevention strategies, and available treatments for fibroids.


The exact cause of fibroids is still not fully understood. However, several factors are believed to contribute to their development:

1. Hormonal Imbalance: Oestrogen and progesterone hormones play a key role in the growth of uterine fibroids. These hormones stimulate the uterine lining, and an imbalance may lead to the formation of fibroids.

2. Genetics: If you have a family history of fibroids, you may be at an increased risk. Genetic factors can predispose individuals to fibroid development.

3. Age and Hormonal Changes: Fibroids tend to grow during the reproductive years when hormone levels are at their peak. They often shrink after menopause when hormone levels decrease.


The presence and severity of fibroid symptoms can vary widely among women. Some common symptoms include:

1. Menstrual Changes: Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, irregular periods, and pelvic pain are common symptoms.

2. Pelvic Discomfort: Fibroids can cause a feeling of fullness or pressure in the lower abdomen, leading to discomfort and pain.

3. Pelvic Pain and Pressure: Large fibroids can press against neighboring organs, causing pelvic pain, backaches, and even leg pains.

4. Frequent Urination: Pressure on the bladder can result in increased frequency of urination.

5. Difficulty with Bowel Movements: Fibroids pressing against the rectum can cause constipation and difficulty with bowel movements.


While there's no guaranteed way to prevent fibroids, you can take steps to reduce your risk and manage their growth:

1. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight or obese is associated with an increased risk of fibroids. A balanced diet and regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight.

2. Eat a Nutrient-Rich Diet: Incorporate fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins into your diet. Limiting red meat consumption and avoiding excessive caffeine and alcohol intake may also help.

3. Manage Stress: Chronic stress may exacerbate fibroid symptoms. Practice stress-reduction techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises.

4. Birth Control Choices: Some forms of hormonal birth control may help manage fibroid symptoms. Discuss contraceptive options with your healthcare provider.

5. Regular Check-ups: Attend regular gynaecological check-ups to monitor for fibroids, especially if you have a family history or are experiencing symptoms.


Treatment for fibroids depends on their size, location, and severity of symptoms. Here are some common approaches:

1. Watchful Waiting: If fibroids are small and not causing symptoms, your doctor may recommend regular monitoring without immediate treatment.

2. Medications: Hormonal medications such as birth control pills, progestin-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs), or GnRH agonists may help manage symptoms by controlling menstrual bleeding and reducing the size of fibroids.

3. Minimally Invasive Procedures: Procedures like uterine artery embolization, myomectomy, or laparoscopic myolysis can remove or shrink fibroids while preserving the uterus.

4. Hysterectomy: In severe cases or when fertility is not a concern, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) may be recommended.

5. MRI-Guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (MRgFUS): This non-invasive procedure uses high-intensity ultrasound waves to shrink fibroids.

6. Endometrial Ablation: In some cases, endometrial ablation may be used to treat heavy bleeding associated with fibroids.

7. Using Food as Medicine: There are some natural foods that help with the treatment of fibroids. The most common one is Aidan Fruit (Prekese) which is available as a powder or tincture.


While fibroids are a common concern for many women, they can be managed with the right approach. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider to discuss your individual symptoms and treatment options. By staying informed, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and seeking timely medical care, you can effectively address fibroids and maintain your well-being. Remember that early detection and proactive management are key to ensuring a healthy, symptom-free life.

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